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Anesthesia Specialists Name the Most Used Anesthesia Forms on Children

December 11, 2015 | 9:22 am | Info Articles
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When a child needs to undergo a surgical procedure, the anesthesia specialists in Northern California use up to date medications and techniques to ensure the child’s comfort and safety. The anesthesiologists take careful consideration for a child’s allergies and general health, as different medications have different levels of effectiveness.

Anesthesia Forms on Children

Local Anesthesia
Whenever possible, a professional anesthesia medical group in Northern California, like Medical Anesthesia Consultants Medical Group, recommends that local anesthesia be used. This is because less medication is needed, which lowers the possible side effects that young patients could experience.

A local anesthetic may be used for procedures such as placing stitches, having a mole removed or having minor dental work performed. Local anesthesia can be used in an outpatient setting, doctor’s office or hospital. Child patients can go home on the same day when getting a local anesthetic.

Regional Anesthesia
Regional anesthesia is used by physicians when a large part of your child’s body needs to be numbed. It may be used when a foot or leg is operated on, so that a child’s body is numb below the waist. This type of anesthesia is used in a hospital setting.

Infants and young children are given a medication to put them to sleep before the anesthesia is administered, although older kids and teenagers may only need sedation in order for regional anesthesia to be administered. Regional anesthesia is also used to help manage pain after surgery, and usually wears off within 24 hours after a procedure.

General Anesthesia
General anesthesia is administered to a child through an intravenous line. The anesthesia consists of several medicines combined and dosed for a particular child by the anesthesiologist. The medications could include pain relievers, numbing agents, muscle relaxants, anti-anxiety medications and drugs that block a child’s memory of the surgery. When a child is having a major operation, he or she will be under the care of an anesthesiologist before, during and after surgery. General anesthesia can be combined with regional anesthesia under the guidance of the physician.

Sources:
Types of Anesthesia, Seattle Children’s
Types of Anesthesia, KidsHealth.org

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